As many Oregon residents know, the outcome of a civil case brought in federal court may be appealed by asking an appellate court to reverse or modify the lower court's decision. Either side may file an appeal in a civil case. The appellate court may also be asked to review decisions made by administrative agencies such as the Social Security Administration and bankruptcy courts.
The appeal is made to the particular U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals that has jurisdiction over the lower U.S. District Court. . The appellate court's conclusion is usually the final word unless the case is brought before the Supreme Court, where a writ of certiorari is filed asking the Supreme Court to hear the case.