In January of this year, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals dismissed the antitrust case that pitted San Jose against Major League Baseball. That dismissal came after a federal trial judge dismissed the case in 2013. That case is now heading to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Both dismissals that have been handed down were based on a U.S. Supreme Court ruling that was handed down in 1922 and subsequently confirmed by rulings in 1953 and 1972. Because of those, the federal judge and the appeals court said they were bound by those rulings. Since only Congress and the U.S. Supreme Court can change the precedent, the city is now appealing to the U.S. Supreme Court.